Scoliosis is a rare spinal condition that means that the spine rotates and curves from side to side. It can be present at birth, but most often develops in childhood and adolescence. It can be present in both boys and girls, but young girls have more incidences of scoliosis. Children are often screened at a young age, since the body and spine grows so rapidly during the elementary and middle school years. Early detection is very important, as to minimize the curving of the spine as much as possible. Scoliosis is often not painful, but because it’s affect on the overall look of the body, it can cause self esteem issues for some children and teenagers.